Kill the Flashover Road Tour 2016 "from the front door to the back door"
This will be a learning and sharing session with your department's resources, experiences and expertise along with the KTF Burns videos and technical specialists providing an environment for each of us to share and learn together. Our intent is to prevent thermal injuries and death to interior fire suppression crews. KTF's mantra is "we test, we demonstrate, we share and you decide". Thank you for your great contribution to the safety of the fire service.
To request a visit to your fire department or schedule a coffee session, call Joe at 704 466 9225.
Some survey questions to start the discussions:
1. How does your fire department define and detect the location of the fire inside a residential structure? 2. What are your fire department's 4 primary fire growth suppression tactical choices? (Fire Tetrahedron) 3. How do you predict the amount of time available for an interior tactic? (time under 500 degrees F) 4. Does your department search a thermal compartment, with or without a fire stream / or ballast control capability? 5. How does your department control thermals during the accessing of a concealed fire?
Words to understand, each have tactical impacts:
1. Under Pressure
2. Over Pressure
3. Neutral Zone
5. Unidirectional Flow
6. Bi-directional Flow
8. Flammable Range / Limits
9. Oxygen Combustible Range / Limits
10. Go / No Go
11. Tactical TIC
13. Enhanced Water Stream (EWS)
14. Foam Percentage – Finished Foam
18. Over / Under pressure stream
19. 3D Stream
Suppression Theory to understand, what is your fire suppression theory?
KTF 3 Legged Bar Stool - Extreme Fire Behavior is any thermal insult that exceeds the engineered thermal protective limits of our Personal Protective Gear. We must not exceed 500 degrees F with no flame contact to maintain the designed risk profile during the fire attack and or rescue.
Slogans / Statements are not science, let's learn how to apply?
1. Wet stuff on the red stuff, (what is the impact of allowing for fire growth?) 2. Fire streams push the fire, (Fire moves due to pressure differentials, the flames will not preceed moisture) 3. Always fight the fire from the unburned side, (access should never be in the exhaust of the fire) 4. Vent for life, (adding air grows the fire) 5. Hold your water until you see flames, (Temperature is critical to fire growth, especially after 500 degrees F) 6. Venting always improves fire fighting conditions (Venting is over pressure relief, the vent size must handle the volume of smoke) 7. Don't put water in a compartment with the victim (Over / under pressure, gas cooling / surface cooling needs understanding) 8. Foam is too expensive and not useful for residential fires (Class A Foam reduces the work load and time when applied) 9. Ventilation is required to extinguish fire growth (Smoke will absorb heat and contraction will cause lift) 10. Thermal Imager technology is not reliable (fundamental skills must be maintained, TIC enhance our ability) 11. Don't add water to a compartment if a victim is suspected inside the compartment (Flame growth is deadly)
Thermal Risk and Tactical Discussions Use the following scenarios for a table top exercise, using your local resources and SOP's. Don't change your SOP's. We will freeze the exercise to discuss the impact of the tactic on the fire tetrahedron.
Take the above ranch style 1 story description and describe how your department would respond to this scenario.
Outside transition - outside to inside the fire compartment video. Inside the same fire compartment video. Inside Video 2
Let's discuss the impact of Tactical Air Management, Enhanced Water Streams and Tactical Thermal Data if applicable
Concealed fires or fires in basements are often very difficult to locate and access. Let's look at detecting the thermals, defining the flow path, isolating the thermals, accessing the fire, and favorably influencing the environment. We will also address the search and rescue needs of the example.